What Is A Coastal State

What Is A Coastal State?

Coastal States are universally understood to be States with a sea-coastline. A coastal State’s jurisdiction relates to its own maritime zones and encompasses the resources and activities therein as well as external impacts on them.

What is the meaning of coastal state?

A Coastal State then is a small or medium-sized state situated by the ocean. Among the major sources of its wealth and political influence are the resources in its economic zones on its continental shelf or in its coastal waters.

What is a coastal state under Unclos?

UNCLOS defines the continental shelf of a coastal state as comprising the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas beyond the territorial sea to the outer edge of the continental margin or to at least 200 nautical miles from coastal baselines where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend to that …

Where is the coastal state?

Alaska has a coastline on both the Arctic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. There are eight lake states. The lake states are also known as the Great Lake states because they all have a coastline along the five Great Lakes. New York is both an Atlantic Coast state and a Great Lake coast state.

Coastal States 2021.
State Coast
Wyoming None

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What is coastal state jurisdiction?

Coastal State Jurisdiction

UNCLOS lays down rules for enforcement powers by Coastal States toward vessels in their maritime zones specifically in their territorial sea and specifies the measures a Coastal State can take to ensure peace and good order in its territorial sea.

Is Philippine a coastal state?

the Philippine coastline is irregular with numerous bays gulfs and islets. Manila Bay a sheltered harbor is the country’s busiest commercial hub. About 60 percent of Philippine municipalities and cities are coastal with 10 of the largest cities located along the coast.

What are the coastal states in Nigeria?

The coastal states in Nigeria are Akwa-Ibom Bayelsa Cross-Rivers Delta Edo Lagos Ogun Ondo and Rivers. The traditional member states of the oil producing states are Akwa-Ibom Bayelsa Cross-Rivers Delta Edo and Rivers States. Other coastal but non-oil producing states are Lagos and Ogun States.

What are the rights of coastal states?

Introduction. The rights of coastal States to regulate and exploit areas of the ocean under their jurisdiction are one the foundations of the LOSC. These rights need to be balanced with the freedom of navigation and access to resources outside State control – the freedom of the seas.

Who highlighted the role of sea in State power?

The classic exposition of the role of sea power as the basis of national power and greatness was Alfred Thayer Mahan’s The Influence of Sea Power upon History 1660–1783 (1890).

What does the law of the sea State?

The law of the sea is a body of customs treaties and international agreements by which governments maintain order productivity and peaceful relations on the sea. … The United States recognizes that the 1982 Convention reflects customary international law and complies with its provisions.

How many states have a coastline?

30 states
30 states have a coastline: 23 with a coastline on the Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico and Gulf of Maine) and/or Pacific Ocean and eight with a Great Lakes shoreline.

Is Texas a coastal state?

The coastal states that have a shoreline on the Gulf of Mexico are Texas Louisiana Mississippi Alabama and Florida and these are known as the Gulf States.

What is considered the coast?

The coast also known as the coastline or seashore is defined as the area where land meets the ocean or as a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake. The Earth has around 620 000 kilometres (390 000 mi) of coastline.

What is coastal state control?

Coastal states have acted to control such navigation to protect their coastal living resources to guard against marine pollution and to protect the security of coastal populations and it can be anticipated that such assertions of coastal state control will continue.

When can coastal state apply criminal jurisdiction on foreign ship?

Coastal State Jurisdiction – Criminal jurisdiction on board a foreign ship. (d) if such measures are necessary for the suppression of illicit traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.

What is the criminal jurisdiction of the coastal state on board a foreign ship?

and regulations adopted in accordance with Part V the coastal State may not take any steps on board a foreign ship passing through the territorial sea to arrest any person or to conduct any investigation in connection with any crime committed before the ship entered the territorial sea if the ship proceeding from a …

What country has the longest coastline?

Coastline: Canada’s coastline is the world’s longest measuring 243 042 km (includes the mainland coast and the coasts of offshore islands). This compares with Indonesia (54 716 km) Russia (37 653 km) the United States (19 924 km) and China (14 500 km).Oct 7 2016

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Is Manila Bay a sea?

Manila Bay bay of the South China Sea extending into southwestern Luzon Philippines. Almost completely landlocked it is considered one of the world’s great harbours and has an area of 770 square miles (2 000 square km) with a 120-mile (190-km) circumference.

What country has the most coastline in the world?


Country The World Factbook
Rank km
World 356 000
Canada 1 202 080
Norway 2 83 281

How many coastal states are in Nigeria?

Coastal Zone of Nigeria

The Nigeria coastline stretches to a total of eight states which are estimated to account for 25% of the national population.

Is Nigeria Coastal?

The Nigerian coastline lies on the West Coast of Africa between Latitude 4°10′ to 6°20′N and Longitude 2°45′ to 8°32′E covering approximately 853 km from the Seme border in Badagri to Ikang in Cross River State (from West to East) and gently descending into the Atlantic Ocean. … Map of Nigerian coast.

Is Nigeria inland or coastal?

Nigeria has a coastline of approximately 853km o o facing the Atlantic Ocean. This coastline lies between latitude 4 10′ to 6 20’N and longitude o o 2 2 45′ to 8 35′ E. The terrestrial portion of this zone is about 28 000 km in area while the 2 surface area of the continental shelf is 46 300km .

What is the 200 nautical mile limit?

The U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) extends no more than 200 nautical miles from the territorial sea baseline and is adjacent to the 12 nautical mile territorial sea of the U.S. including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Guam American Samoa the U.S. Virgin Islands the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands …

What does high sea mean?

high seas in maritime law all parts of the mass of saltwater surrounding the globe that are not part of the territorial sea or internal waters of a state. For several centuries beginning in the European Middle Ages a number of maritime states asserted sovereignty over large portions of the high seas.

What do you mean by territorial water?

The term territorial waters is sometimes used informally to refer to any area of water over which a state has jurisdiction including internal waters the territorial sea the contiguous zone the exclusive economic zone and potentially the continental shelf.

Why do navies exist?

The basic purpose of navies today is to protect the global economic system where their contribution is crucial. This is less the direct defence of shipping against naval threats but the protection of the conditions for trade against irregular threats.

What was the first country to use sea power?

The Portuguese Empire pioneered the Age of Discovery during the 15th. It was the first global sea power and global empire. It was also the most powerful empire during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Why is Indian Ocean important?

The importance of trade and the sheer scope of its many subregions make the Indian Ocean critical in terms of military and strategic engagement. It is a vital trading hub connecting the Middle East to Southeast and East Asia as well as Europe and the Americas.

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Are oceans and seas the same?

Many people use the terms “ocean” and “sea” interchangeably when speaking about the ocean but there is a difference between the two terms when speaking of geography (the study of the Earth’s surface). Seas are smaller than oceans and are usually located where the land and ocean meet.

Who owns the sea?

Although the oceans are technically viewed as international zones meaning no one country has jurisdiction over it all there are regulations in place to help keep the peace and to essentially divide responsibility for the world’s oceans to various entities or countries around the world.

Why is the ocean in danger?

Pollution over-fishing and over-hunting mining the destruction of the oceans’ richest areas the massive occupation of the coasts and the alteration of their chemical composition and temperature are leaving a mark that is difficult to erase. …

Is New York East Coast?

New York City is both the largest city and the largest metropolitan area on the East Coast. The East Coast is the most populated coastal area in the United States.

Is California east or west coast?

Definition. There are conflicting definitions of which states comprise the West Coast of the United States but the West Coast always includes California Oregon and Washington as part of that definition.

What Coast is New York?

New York has a diverse geography. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley.

New York (state)
New York
Website www.ny.gov

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