Moral Equivalence Fallacy: What Is Moral Equivalence? False Equivalence: The Problem With Unreasonable Comparisons

What is the Moral Equivalence Fallacy?

What is the Moral Equivalence Fallacy?
What is the Moral Equivalence Fallacy?

The Moral Equivalence Fallacy is a fallacy that states that because two actions are morally equivalent they must be morally the same. This is often used to justify unethical or immoral actions.

What is an example of moral equivalence?

For example if two schoolchildren are scuffling and hitting each other in the playground a judgment of “moral equivalence” by the teacher may result in separating the two and (perhaps) punishing them both equally (for “fighting”)…

How to Avoid Making the Moral Equivalence Fallacy?

The Moral Equivalence Fallacy is a fallacy that occurs when someone makes an unreasonable comparison between two situations in order to support their argument. This fallacy can be easily avoided by being aware of the problem and making sure that the comparisons you make are reasonable.

What is moral equivalence in philosophy?

Moral equivalence is a term used in political arguments or debate. … The actions of A are morally equivalent to the actions of B therefore A is just as good or bad as B regardless of what the actual actions are.

How do you use moral equivalence in a sentence?

We must not in the false name of moral equivalence degrade ourselves to their level. The urge towards moral equivalence seeps into every aspect of the drama. Yet there was no moral equivalence between the two sides.

What is moral equivalence quizlet?

Moral Equivalence. Compares minor problems with much more serious crimes (or vice versa) Moral Equivalence Example. If governments are going to impose restrictions on smoking for health reasons then they must impose the same restrictions on drinking and eating of fatty foods.

What makes an equivalence false

Moral equivalence is the idea that actions or situations that are morally equivalent are also morally equivalent. This means that the two situations or actions are considered to be of the same moral value. This can be a problem because it can lead to false equivalence. False equivalence can occur when two situations or actions are compared that are not actually equivalent. This can lead to a conclusion that the two situations or actions are the same when they are not.

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What is an example of a false equivalence?

A simple example of a false equivalence is saying that a knife and dynamite are both tools that can be used as weapons so they’re pretty much the same thing and therefore if we allow people to buy knives at the store then we should also allow them to also buy dynamite.

How to respond to a false equivalence

If someone makes a false equivalence you can respond in a few ways. First you can point out the specific flaw in the comparison. For example if someone says that two policies are equivalent because they both result in the same amount of harm you can point out that one policy may cause more harm than the other. Second you can argue that one policy is better than the other. For example you could argue that one policy is more moral than the other. Finally you can argue that one policy is not equivalent to the other. For example you could argue that one policy results in more positive outcomes than the other.

How to avoid using false equivalences

When making comparisons it is important to be aware of the false equivalence fallacy. This fallacy occurs when two things are compared that are not actually equivalent. This can lead to incorrect conclusions being drawn about the two things being compared. It is important to be careful when making comparisons as doing so can lead to incorrect conclusions.

What do moral relativists believe about morality?

Unlike moral absolutists moral relativists argue that good and bad are relative concepts – whether something is considered right or wrong can change depending on opinion social context culture or a number of other factors. Moral relativists argue that there is more than one valid system of morality.

What is non sequitur examples?

The term non sequitur refers to a conclusion that isn’t aligned with previous statements or evidence. … For example if someone asks what it’s like outside and you reply “It’s 2:00 ” you’ve just used a non sequitur or made a statement that does not follow what was being discussed.

What is an example of a straw man argument?

Choosing a Pet

Making a decision is a popular time for straw man arguments to arise. For example imagine a husband and a wife are trying to decide whether they should adopt a dog or a cat. Wife: I’d rather have a dog than a cat.

Who created logical fallacies?

Greek logic

Greek philosopher Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) was the first to systematize logical errors into a list as being able to refute an opponent’s thesis is one way of winning an argument. Aristotle’s “Sophistical Refutations” (De Sophisticis Elenchis) identifies thirteen fallacies.

What is an example of either or fallacy?

Either/or: This is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices. Example: We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.

What is either or fallacy?

a type of informal fallacy or persuasive technique in which an argument is constructed so as to imply the necessity of choosing one of only two alternatives. This ignores the possibility that (a) the alternatives may not be mutually exclusive and (b) there may be other equally viable alternatives.

What is the equivalence argument quizlet?

Equivalence Thesis. says that there is no morally important difference between killing and letting die if one is permissible (or objectionable) then so is the other and to the same degree.

What is equivalence fallacy?

False equivalence is a logical fallacy in which an equivalence is drawn between two subjects based on flawed or false reasoning. This fallacy is categorized as a fallacy of inconsistency. Colloquially a false equivalence is often called “comparing apples and oranges.”

How do you identify false equivalence?

In general an equivalence is “false” when: The argument exaggerates how similar two things are for the purposes of drawing a comparison: The two things being compared might not actually have as much in common as the arguer asserts.

What does the term false equivalence mean?

False equivalence is a type of cognitive bias or flawed reasoning style. False equivalency means that you think (or are told) two things should have equal weight in your decision-making.

Why is moral relativism?

Moral relativism is the idea that there is no universal or absolute set of moral principles. … Meta-ethical moral relativism states that there are no objective grounds for preferring the moral values of one culture over another. Societies make their moral choices based on their unique beliefs customs and practices.

What is meant by moral relativism?

Moral relativism finds that there is no objective way to establish that a particular morality is the correct morality one and concludes that there is no reason to believe in a single true morality. This is compatible with the possibility of certain moral universals just as there seem to be linguistic universals.

Why is moral relativism important?

Ethical relativism reminds us that different societies have different moral beliefs and that our beliefs are deeply influenced by culture. It also encourages us to explore the reasons underlying beliefs that differ from our own while challenging us to examine our reasons for the beliefs and values we hold.

What means straw man?

Definition of straw man

1 : a weak or imaginary opposition (such as an argument or adversary) set up only to be easily confuted. 2 : a person set up to serve as a cover for a usually questionable transaction.

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Which is an example of post hoc?

The Latin phrase “post hoc ergo propter hoc” means “after this therefore because of this.” The fallacy is generally referred to by the shorter phrase “post hoc.” Examples: “Every time that rooster crows the sun comes up. That rooster must be very powerful and important!”

What is post hoc logical fallacy?

Short for “post hoc ergo propter hoc ” a Latin phrase meaning “after this therefore because of this.” The phrase expresses the logical fallacy of assuming that one thing caused another merely because the first thing preceded the other.

What is red herring fallacy?

This fallacy consists in diverting attention from the real issue by focusing instead on an issue having only a surface relevance to the first.

What is an example of a red herring?

In literature a red herring is an argument or subject that is introduced to divert attention from the real issue or problem. … Examples of Red Herring: 1. When your mom gets your phone bill and you have gone over the limit you begin talking to her about how hard your math class is and how well you did on a test today.

What is tu quoque fallacy example?

“The tu quoque fallacy occurs when one charges another with hypocrisy or inconsistency in order to avoid taking the other’s position seriously. For example: Mother: You should stop smoking. It’s harmful to your health.

Is ought a claim?

The is-ought fallacy occurs when the assumption is made that because things are a certain way they should be that way. … In effect this fallacy asserts that the status quo should be maintained simply for its own sake.

How can we avoid fallacies in life?

Do not:
  1. use false fabricated misrepresented distorted or irrelevant evidence to support arguments or claims.
  2. intentionally use unsupported misleading or illogical reasoning.
  3. represent yourself as informed or an “expert” on a subject when you are not.
  4. use irrelevant appeals to divert attention from the issue at hand.

What is a false cause fallacy?

In general the false cause fallacy occurs when the “link between premises and conclusion depends on some imagined causal connection that probably does not exist”. … Like the post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy this fallacy is guilty of trying to establish a causal connection between two events on dubious grounds.

What is a black or white fallacy?

The Black-or-White Fallacy is the provision of only two alternatives in an argument when there are actually more options available. … It’s also sometimes called the Gray Fallacy between black and white options or the middle-ground fallacy after a middle ground between two warring camps.

Why are fallacies bad?

They may result from innocent errors in reasoning or be used deliberately to mislead others. Taking logical fallacies at face value can lead you to make poor decisions based on unsound arguments. And using them yourself – even by mistake – can damage your reputation.

Can you think of an example of a false dilemma in real life?

False Dilemma Examples in Politics

Vote for me or live through four more years of higher taxes. America: Love it or leave it. Donate to my campaign if you care about the future. If you want our country to be safe we must increase military spending.

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What is a non sequitur?

In Latin non sequitur means “it does not follow.” The phrase was borrowed into English in the 1500s by people who made a formal study of logic. For them it meant a conclusion that does not follow from the statements that lead to it.

What is ignorance appeal?

This fallacy occurs when you argue that your conclusion must be true because there is no evidence against it. This fallacy wrongly shifts the burden of proof away from the one making the claim.

How do you counter false dichotomy?

Responding to False Dichotomy Fallacies

Show that the premises are not mutually exclusive: Try to show that the two presented options aren’t actually exclusive of one another. If the argument states that we have to do either A or B try to show how A and B are not mutually exclusive options.

Is generalization a fallacy?

A faulty generalization is an informal fallacy wherein a conclusion is drawn about all or many instances of a phenomenon on the basis of one or a few instances of that phenomenon. It is similar to a proof by example in mathematics. It is an example of jumping to conclusions.


Noam Chomsky – Moral Equivalence

Moral equivalence

Moral Equivalence Fallacy

FAQs about moral equivalence fallacy

1. What is a moral equivalence fallacy?

A moral equivalence fallacy is when someone makes an unreasonable comparison between two situations in order to make their argument seem more reasonable. This can be done by saying that one situation is just as bad as the other or that the two situations are equivalent. However these comparisons are not always fair or accurate. Sometimes one situation may be more severe than the other or the two situations may have different causes.

2. What is the concept of moral equivalence?

The concept of moral equivalence is the idea that there is no moral difference between actions that are considered morally good or bad. This means that for example a person who murders someone is considered to be equally bad as a person who saves someone’s life. This concept can be used to justify actions that are morally wrong.

3. What is the fallacy of equivalence?

The fallacy of equivalence is a logical fallacy that occurs when a comparison is made between two things that are not actually equivalent. This can be confusing because it can seem as if the comparison is reasonable. However the two things being compared may not actually be equivalent. This can lead to incorrect conclusions.

4. Is moral equivalence the same as false equivalence?

Moral equivalence is a fallacy that occurs when two things are compared without taking into account the different values of the two things. This can be problematic because it can lead to judgments that are not reasonable. For example comparing stealing a candy bar to murder is not a fair comparison because the value of a candy bar is relatively low compared to the value of a human life.

Conclusion: The moral equivalence fallacy is a fallacy that should be avoided. It can be easy to fall into but by being aware of it you can avoid making this mistake.

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